# Why does population change?

In this lesson, we will examine how population has changed over time, how birth rates and death rates affect population, and how the population of the UK has changed.

# Why does population change?

In this lesson, we will examine how population has changed over time, how birth rates and death rates affect population, and how the population of the UK has changed.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. Review why populations grow
2. Identify reasons why death rates and birth rates change
3. Reflect on how the UK's population has changed

### Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

## Video

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## Exit quiz

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### 12 Questions

Q1.
What is the capital city of Wales?
Belfast
Edinburgh
London
Q2.
What is the capital city of England?
Belfast
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Q3.
What is the capital city of Northern Ireland?
Cardiff
Edinburgh
London
Q4.
What is the capital city of Scotland?
Belfast
Cardiff
London
Q5.
What is the current population of the United Kingdom?
Approximately 6.8 billion
Approximately 6.8 million
Correct answer: Approximately 68 million
Approximately 680,000
Q6.
Which country has the largest population in the world?
Australia
India
The United States of America
Q7.
What effect might improved healthcare have on population?
Natural decrease
Correct answer: Natural increase
Stay the same
Q8.
What is the definition of birth rate?
Correct answer: The number of births per 1000 people per year.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
Q9.
What is the definition of death rate?
The number of births per 1000 people per year.
Correct answer: The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
Q10.
Natural increase occurs . . .
Correct answer: when there are more births than deaths, so the population grows.
when there are more deaths than births, so the population shrinks.
Q11.
Natural decrease occurs . . .
when there are more births than deaths, so the population grows.
Correct answer: when there are more deaths than births, so the population shrinks.
Q12.
How did social attitudes changing from 1900 affect birth rates in the UK?
Correct answer: Birth rates decreased.
Birth rates increased.
Birth rates remained the same.