New
New
Year 2

# Formation of c, a, d, o, g and q

I can form the letters c, a, d, o, g and q.

New
New
Year 2

# Formation of c, a, d, o, g and q

I can form the letters c, a, d, o, g and q.

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## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. The letters c, a, d, o, g and q all start just below the x-height line and go round in an anti-clockwise direction.
2. The letters c, a and o are x-height letters.
3. The letters g and q have descenders and d has an ascender.
4. The letter g finishes with a curl up at the descender line.
5. The letter q finishes with a diagonal line out to the side at the descender line.

### Common misconception

Children can get confused about the direction to take when forming the letters c, a, d, o, g and q.

Be very explicit about going anti-clockwise, use a clock to emphasise this to the children.

### Keywords

• X-height letter - a letter which sits between the baseline and the x-height line

• Ascender - the part of a letter that extends above the x-height line

• Anti-clockwise direction - moving or going in the opposite direction of a clock's hands

• Descender - the part of a letter that descends below the baseline

• Diagonal line - a line that slants or leans

To support students with the anti-clockwise direction you can add an arrow on their whiteboard/paper.
Teacher tip

### Content guidance

• Physical activity required.

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter c in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q2.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter a in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter d in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter o in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter g in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q6.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter q in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz