New
New
Year 3

# Climate data and patterns

I can read information from climate graphs and identify patterns in data

New
New
Year 3

# Climate data and patterns

I can read information from climate graphs and identify patterns in data

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. Climate data can be presented in graphs in different ways.
2. Climate graphs usually show rainfall and temperature over a period of time, often as monthly figures over a year.
3. The climate in different climate zones has distinct patterns of rainfall and temperature throughout a year.
4. Climate has an impact on where and how people live.

### Common misconception

In early work with graphs and charts, pupils can easily mix up the axes and try to put the values in the wrong places on graphs like climate graphs.

On graphs that show change over time, like climate graphs, the horizontal axis shows time (months of the year on a climate graph). The vertical axes are for numerical values representing measurements (rainfall and temperature on a climate graph).

### Keywords

• Climate graph - A climate graph shows the amount of precipitation and the temperature each month for a location.

• Data - Data is a collection of information that can be analysed to help us answer a question.

• Horizontal axis - The horizontal axis is the line of figures or data along the bottom of a graph.

• Vertical axis - The vertical axis is a line of figures or data that is at the side of a graph.

It can be helpful to teach climate graphs in tandem with work on data learning objectives in Mathematics. This can help pupils to develop cross curricular skills and see how their Maths knowledge can be useful in different places in different ways.
Teacher tip

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Which of these weather conditions is wet?
wind
lightning
sunshine
Q2.
What name is given to the lines on maps that run horizontally around Earth?
lines of altitude
lines of longitude
lines of attitude
Q3.
Match the words to the definitions.
Correct Answer:climate zones,have similar weather conditions and climate, e.g. the Tropics

have similar weather conditions and climate, e.g. the Tropics

Correct Answer:weather,is the day to day condition of the atmosphere, e.g. sunny, wet, etc

is the day to day condition of the atmosphere, e.g. sunny, wet, etc

Correct Answer:temperature,is the degree of hotness or coldness of a place

is the degree of hotness or coldness of a place

Q4.
Which line of latitude is closest to the equatorial climate zone?
Arctic Circle
Tropic of Capricorn
Q5.
Complete the sentence. There are two lines of latitude called tropics: the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of ...
Q6.
Complete the sentence. Climate zones are places with similar regular conditions.

## Exit quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
What are the names of the axes on a graph?
across axis and up axis
left axis and right axis
tall axis and short axis
Correct answer: horizontal axis and vertical axis
Q2.
Which of these are shown on a climate graph?
days of the week
Correct answer: temperature in degrees Celsius
Correct answer: months of the year
wind direction
Q3.
Which of these is a climate graph?
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q4.
How is rainfall usually shown on a climate graph?
as a line of joined points
as crosses
as an axis
Q5.
Which of these statements correctly describe the climate shown in this climate graph?
Correct answer: The temperature is highest in July and August
The lowest temperature is in June
The driest month is November
Correct answer: It rains every month
Q6.
Where do the Inuit people live?
Kenya
UK