Year 9

The outbreak of the Second World War

Year 9

The outbreak of the Second World War

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. In this lesson, we will investigate the events which led up to the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. We will explore the Nazi-Soviet Pact, and start to think about the failures of the League of Nations.


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5 Questions

Which of these options was NOT a term of the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany lost land (e.g. Alsace Lorraine)
Germany was not allowed to unite with Austria.
Correct answer: Germany would receive money to help to rebuild the country and economy.
The German army was reduced.
In 1935, when Hitler announced that he was increasing the size of his army how did Britain and France react?
They agreed that the Treaty of Versailles had been unfair and Germany should be allowed to rearm as much as it wanted.
Correct answer: They condemned Germany's actions, but didn't actually take any action against Hitler.
They sent spies to see if Hitler was telling the truth about how much he had increased his army.
How did the Austrian's react when Germany united with Austria?
They asked Britain and France for help to get rid of the Germans.
Correct answer: They celebrated - most Austrians thought that Hitler was a strong leader who would be good for Austria.
They fought back - many lives were lost.
When it was clear that Hitler wanted to invade Czechoslovakia, what did Britain, France and Italy do?
Asked for the support of the League of Nations to stop Hitler taking any more land in Europe.
Tell Hitler that his actions were unacceptable, he was going against the Treaty of Versailles, and that there would be serious punishments if they invaded Czechoslovakia.
Correct answer: They agreed to give the north of Czechoslovakia (the Sudetenland) to Hitler.
Select the correct definition for the policy of appeasement, followed by Britain and France in the 1930s.
Being firm in stopping Hitler from taking land in Europe.
Ensuring that long-term peace was secured in Europe by ensuring that all countries in Europe remained free.
Correct answer: Giving in to Hitler's demands to avoid war in the short-term, even if it meant going against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the aims of the League of Nations.

6 Questions

Of which country was Josef Stalin the leader?
Correct answer: USSR
Which country did Germany and the USSR both want to take over in late 1939?
Correct answer: Poland
By what name does the UK refer to the agreement made between the USSR and Germany in August 1939?
The Anti-Comintern Pact
The Communist-Fascist Pact
Correct answer: The Nazi-Soviet Pact
The Pact of Steel
What did Britain do in reaction to the agreement made between the USSR and Germany?
Britain did nothing.
Gave part of Poland to Germany and part of Poland to the USSR and left the poorest land for Poland to keep.
Gave part of Poland to Germany.
Correct answer: Signed an alliance with Poland, agreeing to protect her from invasion.
What did Britain do when Germany invaded Poland in September 1939?
Britain asked the USSR if they could make an alliance against Germany.
Britain did nothing.
Britain met with France and made another pact that if Germany invaded any more countries they would declare war.
Correct answer: Issued an ultimatum to Germany saying that if the German army did not leave Poland, that Britain would declare war.
What happened on 3rd September 1939?
Britain and France agreed to start building up their armies in case they needed to stop Hitler.
Correct answer: Britain and France declared war on Germany; signalling the start of the Second World War.
Germany listened to Britain's ultimatum, and the final troops left Poland.
The USSR said that she would ally with Britain and France.