Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. In this lesson, we will examine the events leading up to the Armistice of 1918, before pulling together all the material from this series of lessons to answer our enquiry question about why the war ended in 1918.


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5 Questions

Why did Germany possibly have the advantage in WWI going into 1918?
Germany had added another 1 million troops into their army
Germany had developed the nuclear bomb, giving them a military advantage
Mexico had joined the war on the side of the Germans
Correct answer: The USA hadn't mobilised fully and the Russians had stopped fighting
Why was the main reason Germany suffering from food shortages by 1918?
The Americans sank German boats carrying food
Correct answer: The British had blockaded their ports preventing food stuffs entering the country.
The Germans exported too much of their food to the other Central Powers
Their population was too big for the amount of food they produced.
Why did the Germans decide to go on the offensive in Spring 1918?
The Americans had landed on the Western Front and the Germans wanted to battle them
The Germans had blockaded the British and they were suffering from a lack of goods. Now was a good time to attack.
Correct answer: The Germans wanted to take advantage of signing a peace treaty with the Russians and now had the troops to do so
The Russians had switched sides and joined the Germans - with more numbers the Germans wanted to try and breakthrough the frontline
Why did the Spring Offensive 1918 come to a halt?
The Americans dropped a nuclear bomb on the German troops.
The British and French stopped them.
Correct answer: The German troops took heavy casualties and had no more troops to replace them.
The Russians distracted the Germans by trying to negotiate a peace treaty
What name was given to the Allied push back against the Germans in 1918?
The Fifty Days
Correct answer: The Hundred Days
The Seventy Five Days
The Twenty Five Days

5 Questions

When did the Allied push back against the Germans begin?
After the Americans declared war on Germany in April 1917
After the Russian Revolution in February 1917
Correct answer: After the Spring Offensive of the Germans had halted, in August 1918
When the US troops first started arriving in large numbers in Spring 1918
What was the reaction of the German navy when asked to fight the British Navy in October 1918?
Correct answer: They mutinied - they didn't want to lose their life so they refused to fight.
They were convinced by the Kaiser to go - they went when told to by their leader.
They were excited - they were prepared to fight for their country.
They weren't keen but went anyway - the British Navy was very respected.
Where did Armistice negotiations take place?
Correct answer: France
Which of these is NOT an explanation for why Germany seemed on the brink of collapse in October 1918?
100,000 German soldiers were killed during the Hundred Days of 1918
British blockades of German ports had cut off supplies to the country, leaving it short of essential goods.
German morale was low due to a combination of events on the front line and on the home front.
Correct answer: The Russians had withdrawn from the war, allowing the Germans to focus on one front.
When did the Armistice come into effect?
10am on 10th November 1918
Correct answer: 11am on 11th November 1918
8am on 8th November 1918
9am on 9th November 1918