Year 4

How do the rocks on our Earth's surface change?

In this lesson, we will learn how rocks change. We will look at rocks as big as mountains and as small as a grain of sand and learn the processes that form each. We will look at erosion, weathering and the movements of tectonic plates.

Year 4

How do the rocks on our Earth's surface change?

In this lesson, we will learn how rocks change. We will look at rocks as big as mountains and as small as a grain of sand and learn the processes that form each. We will look at erosion, weathering and the movements of tectonic plates.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. Describe the effect that water can have on rocks
  2. Describe what chemical weathering is and what it does
  3. Explain how large earth movements can cause rocks to change

Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

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4 Questions

Q1.
Which type of rock is formed when heat and pressure inside the Earth change igneous and sedimentary rock?
igneous rock
Correct answer: metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
Q2.
Which type of rock is formed when pressure from layers of sediment causes the sediment to compact and cement?
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
Correct answer: sedimentary rock
Q3.
Which type of rock is formed when magma or lava cools?
Correct answer: igneous rock
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
Q4.
What kind of scientist studies rocks?
Correct answer: A geologist
A palaeontologist
A rockologist

5 Questions

Q1.
Which type of rock is formed when heat and pressure inside the Earth change igneous and sedimentary rock?
igneous rock
Correct answer: metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
Q2.
Which type of rock is formed when pressure from layers of sediment causes the sediment to compact and cement?
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
Correct answer: sedimentary rock
Q3.
Which type of rock is formed when magma or lava cools?
Correct answer: igneous rock
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
Q4.
What is erosion?
The process that causes rock to melt.
The process where rock is broken down into smaller and smaller pieces.
Correct answer: The processes that remove rock from one location and transport it to another.
Q5.
What is weathering?
The process that causes rocks to change colour.
Correct answer: The process where rock is broken down into smaller and smaller pieces.
The processes that remove rock from one location and transport it to another.