# Why does the UK have wild weather?

In this lesson, we will be learning about the five main air masses that affect the weather in the United Kingdom.

# Why does the UK have wild weather?

In this lesson, we will be learning about the five main air masses that affect the weather in the United Kingdom.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. Understand why the UK's weather can change daily
2. Articulate what an air mass is
3. Examine how the characteristics of the air mass affect the weather

### Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

## Video

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## Starter quiz

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### 8 Questions

Q1.
Which statements are true? (Choose 2 statements)
cool air rises
warm air sinks
Q2.
Clouds are made up of tiny water droplets. True or false?
False
Q3.
What does orographic mean?
relating to graphs
relating to rain
relating to the water cycle
Q4.
Why does warm air rise?
because it is more dense (heavier) than cool air
Correct answer: because it less dense (lighter) than cool air
Q5.
What happens to cause frontal rainfall?
Correct answer: a cold air mass meets a warm air mass
a cold air mass meets another cold air mass
a warm air mass meets another warm air mass
Q6.
Which of these statements defines convectional rainfall?
cool air mass meets warm air mass
lifting of moist air over a mountain
Correct answer: sun heats ground, warm air rises and condenses
Q7.
Which of these statements defines frontal rainfall?
Correct answer: cool air mass meets warm air mass
lifting of moist air over a mountain
sun heats ground, warm air rises and condenses
Q8.
Which of these statements defines orographic rainfall?
cool air mass meets warm air mass
Correct answer: lifting of moist air over a mountain
sun heats ground, warm air rises and condenses

## Exit quiz

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### 8 Questions

Q1.
Which statement is true?
Correct answer: The UK has wild weather which means the weather can change quickly.
The UK has wild weather which means the weather doesn't change drastically.
Q2.
What does maritime mean in regards to air masses?
air mass travels over land
air mass travels over the Arctic
air mass travels over the tropics
Correct answer: air mass travels over water
Q3.
What does continental mean in regards to air masses?
Correct answer: air mass travels over land
air mass travels over the Arctic
air mass travels over the tropics
air mass travels over water
Q4.
What type of weather is caused by air masses from the oceans?
cold
dry
warm
Q5.
What type of weather is caused by air masses from land?
cold
warm
wet
Q6.
What type of weather is caused by air masses from the artic?
dry
warm
wet
Q7.
What type of weather is caused by air masses from the tropics?
cold
dry
wet
Q8.
Which of these air masses affect the UK? (Choose 5!)