New
New
Year 2

The 'j' spellings, including 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'

I can spell words containing the representations of the ‘j’ phoneme: 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'.

New
New
Year 2

The 'j' spellings, including 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'

I can spell words containing the representations of the ‘j’ phoneme: 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The letter 'j' is never used to represent the 'j' phoneme at the end of the word.
  2. The spelling 'dge' is usually used after short vowels.
  3. The spelling 'ge' is usually used after consonants and other vowel sounds.
  4. The spelling 'g' is often used before 'i', 'e' and 'y'.
  5. How to spell the common exception word: because.

Common misconception

Children may be using 'ge' and 'dge' interchangeably.

Be very explicit about 'dge' being found alongside the short vowel and the 'ge' spelling being found alongside other vowel sounds.

Keywords

  • Digraph - two letters that represent one sound

  • Trigraph - three letters that represent one sound

  • Consonant - a sound that is made by blocking air in the mouth with the teeth, tongue, lips or palate

  • Short vowel - a vowel sound that sounds short when spoken like "a" in "cat" or the "o" sound in "hot"

  • Mnemonic - a word, short poem, or sentence that can help you remember things such as spelling rules

Repeat the mnemonics again and again in different voices to remind themselves or encourage children to see if they can think of their own mnemonic.
Teacher tip

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

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6 Questions

Q1.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: I am __________ to see my mum after school .
gowing
Correct answer: going
gong
Q2.
Match each word to the number of phonemes it contains.
Correct Answer:jelly,4

4

Correct Answer:badge,3

3

Correct Answer:joy,2

2

Q3.
Where is the 'j' sound found in the word 'jelly'?
Correct answer: the beginning
the middle
the end
Q4.
Where is the 'j' sound found in the word 'badge'?
the beginning
the middle
Correct answer: the end
Q5.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: The king's son was a __________ .
princ
prins
prinse
Correct answer: prince
Q6.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: She put money into her __________.
purs
purce
Correct answer: purse

6 Questions

Q1.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: I am tired __________ I stayed up late last night.
Correct answer: because
becos
becaus
becoz
Q2.
Which words contain the 'ge' spelling of the 'j' sound?
Correct answer: village
ginger
gentle
Correct answer: range
giant
Q3.
Which words contain the 'dge' spelling of the 'j' sound?
age
cage
Correct answer: smudge
Correct answer: edge
energy
Q4.
Choose the representation of the 'j' sound that matches the words.
Correct Answer:budge,dge

dge

Correct Answer:page,ge

ge

Correct Answer:gem,g

g

Correct Answer:jade,j

j

Correct Answer:giraffe,g

g

Correct Answer:ledge,dge

dge

Q5.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: The bird was trapped in the __________.
caij
cag
Correct answer: cage
cadge
Q6.
Correct the spelling in bold in the following sentence: The cat chased a bird near the hej.
Correct Answer: hedge