New
New
Year 2

# Capital letters: A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z

I can form the capital letters A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z.

New
New
Year 2

# Capital letters: A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z

I can form the capital letters A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z.

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## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. All of the letters start on the ascender line except for the letter S which starts just below the ascender line.
2. Letters A, H, K, T, J, U, X, Y and Z all have either one or two vertical or diagonal lines going down to the baseline.
3. Letters A, H, K, T, J, X and Y all need the pencil to be lifted to form the horizontal or diagonal lines.
4. You do not lift your pencil when forming the letters S, U and Z.
5. The letter S curls around twice.

### Common misconception

Getting the correct position and angle for the diagonal lines on the letters A, K, X and Y can be challenging at first.

Give the children extra tracing opportunities for these letters to support their spatial awareness.

### Keywords

• Ascender line - the line above the x-height line which most letters with ascenders reach up to

• Baseline - the tramline that most letters sit on

• Vertical line - a straight line that goes up and down

• Horizontal line - a straight line that goes from left to right or right to left

• Diagonal line - a line that slants or leans

Break these lessons down into chunks. Consistent practice is crucial. Short, daily practice sessions are more effective than longer, less frequent ones.
Teacher tip

### Content guidance

• Physical activity required.

### Licence

This content is Â© Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Select the capital letter.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q2.
Select the capital letter.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the capital letter.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the true statements.
Correct answer: All lower case letters have an upper case formation.
Correct answer: Upper case formations of letters are known as capital letters.
Some lower case formations do not have a capital letter.
Capital letters often have descenders.
Correct answer: Capital letters always sit between the baseline and the ascender line.
Q5.
Select the true statements.
Lower case letters always sit between the baseline and the ascender line.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can be x-height letters.
Lower case letters are the same size as capital letters.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can have ascenders.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can have descenders.
Q6.
Select the capital letters which have diagonal lines in their formation.