New
New
Year 2

Capital letters: A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z

I can form the capital letters A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z.

New
New
Year 2

Capital letters: A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z

I can form the capital letters A, H, K, T, S, J, U, X, Y, and Z.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. All of the letters start on the ascender line except for the letter S which starts just below the ascender line.
  2. Letters A, H, K, T, J, U, X, Y and Z all have either one or two vertical or diagonal lines going down to the baseline.
  3. Letters A, H, K, T, J, X and Y all need the pencil to be lifted to form the horizontal or diagonal lines.
  4. You do not lift your pencil when forming the letters S, U and Z.
  5. The letter S curls around twice.

Common misconception

Getting the correct position and angle for the diagonal lines on the letters A, K, X and Y can be challenging at first.

Give the children extra tracing opportunities for these letters to support their spatial awareness.

Keywords

  • Ascender line - the line above the x-height line which most letters with ascenders reach up to

  • Baseline - the tramline that most letters sit on

  • Vertical line - a straight line that goes up and down

  • Horizontal line - a straight line that goes from left to right or right to left

  • Diagonal line - a line that slants or leans

Break these lessons down into chunks. Consistent practice is crucial. Short, daily practice sessions are more effective than longer, less frequent ones.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Select the capital letter.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q2.
Select the capital letter.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the capital letter.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the true statements.
Correct answer: All lower case letters have an upper case formation.
Correct answer: Upper case formations of letters are known as capital letters.
Some lower case formations do not have a capital letter.
Capital letters often have descenders.
Correct answer: Capital letters always sit between the baseline and the ascender line.
Q5.
Select the true statements.
Lower case letters always sit between the baseline and the ascender line.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can be x-height letters.
Lower case letters are the same size as capital letters.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can have ascenders.
Correct answer: Lower case letters can have descenders.
Q6.
Select the capital letters which have diagonal lines in their formation.
Correct answer: Z
B
C
Correct answer: A
Correct answer: X