New
New
Year 2

# Pre-cursive formation of m, n, and r

I can form the pre-cursive letters m, n and r.

New
New
Year 2

# Pre-cursive formation of m, n, and r

I can form the pre-cursive letters m, n and r.

Share activities with pupils
Share function coming soon...

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. The pre-cursive letters m, n and r all have a lead in and a lead out
2. The pre-cursive letters m, n and r are all x-height letters
3. The pre-cursive letter r has a dip down below the x-height line as the lead out
4. The pre-cursive letters m, n and r all start on the baseline for their lead in
5. The pre-cursive letters m and n are formed in similar ways

### Common misconception

The lead out on the pre-cursive letter r can be challenging and children can sometimes dip too far.

Lots of modelling and opportunities to trace the grey examples will support correct formation.

### Keywords

• Pre-cursive - the stage of writing where children begin to learn and practise the joining of individual letters, preparing them for cursive writing

• Lead in - the stroke or line that guides us into starting a letter

• Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

• X-height letter - letters that sit between the baseline and the x-height line

You may want to introduce a fun way to do the letter r lead out. For example, 'then we do a little wiggle' as the lead out.
Teacher tip

### Content guidance

• Physical activity required.

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letters m and n in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q2.
Select the correct formation of the lower case letter r in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter i.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter l.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter t.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
Q6.
Order the journey of handwriting from single letters to joining writing.
1 - print
2 - pre-cursive
3 - cursive
Q3 image 1 incorrect pre-cursive i 1 Q3 image 2 Correct pre-cursive i Q4 image 1 incorrect pre-cursive l 1 Q4 image 2 incorrect pre-cursive l 2 Q4 image 3 Correct pre-cursive l Q5 image 1 incorrect pre-cursive t 1 Q5 image 2 Correct pre-cursive t