Year 6

The Windrush generation

I can describe some of the experiences of the Windrush Generation.

Year 6

The Windrush generation

I can describe some of the experiences of the Windrush Generation.

Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. Britain needed workers to help with the nation's reconstruction and to work in the NHS; many came from the Caribbean.
  2. The first of these arrived at Tilbury Docks on the 22 June 1948 after a long journey on the SS Empire Windrush.
  3. Some British people were very unwelcoming and many of these arrivals faced discrimination in housing and employment.
  4. In 1958, riots broke out in Notting Hill that were motivated by growing racial tension.
  5. Hundreds of white people attacked the homes of people from the Caribbean and the violence lasted two weeks.

Common misconception

People from the Caribbean travelled to Britain without being invited.

These people were invited to become British citizens by the government in 1948 to help the country recover and lots had contributed in the armed forces during the war too.


  • Caribbean - the Caribbean is a region of sea and islands off the coast of North, Central and South America

  • Windrush Generation - the Caribbean migrants that travelled to Britain in the years after the Second World War are known as the Windrush Generation

  • Discrimination - discrimination means treating someone unfairly because of things such as age, skin colour, or religious beliefs

  • Riot - when lots of people are violent and disturb the peace it is known as a riot

Use maps or an atlas to get pupils to locate the countries and places mentioned in this lesson and improve geographical knowledge.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Contains depictions of discriminatory behaviour.
  • Contains conflict or violence.
  • Contains subject matter which individuals may find upsetting.


Adult supervision suggested.


This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).


6 Questions

Before 1939, lots of working-class children got a disease called...
Correct Answer: rickets, Rickets
Some __________ could pay part of their wages as National Insurance to help them see a doctor if they needed it.
Correct answer: men
men and women
The Beveridge Report was published in...
Correct Answer: 1942, nineteen forty two
Which government set up a system of benefits known as the welfare state?
Correct answer: Labour
The National Health Service was set up in...
Correct Answer: 1948, nineteen forty eight
Which disease was vaccinated against, for free, in the 1950s?
Correct answer: polio

6 Questions

To rebuild Britain after WWII, the country needed lots more...
Correct Answer: workers, Workers
The Nationality Act of 1948 gave...
Correct answer: people who lived in the British Empire the right to live and work in Britain.
people who had been born in Britain greater rights than those who had not.
people who lived abroad the right to live and work in Britain.
The passenger ship that brought many Caribbean people to Britain in 1948 was called the Empire...
Correct Answer: Windrush, windrush, wind rush, Wind Rush
Why was life tough for early Caribbean immigrants?
Correct answer: Rationing was still in effect.
They had nowhere to live.
Correct answer: They faced racism.
Correct answer: They had left friends and family behind.
They rarely found work.
A high number of people from the Caribbean ended up settling in an area of London called...
Correct Answer: Notting Hill, notting hill
In Notting Hill, racist ideas and discrimination caused riots there in August...
Correct answer: 1958

Additional material

Download additional material
We're sorry, but preview is not currently available. Download to see additional material.