New
New
Year 1

Use equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers

I can use the equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers.

New
New
Year 1

Use equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers

I can use the equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. Use the symbols < > and = to compare pictorial representations.
  2. Use the symbols < > and = to compare numerical expressions.
  3. Compare 2 sets where the objects are not arranged linearly.
  4. Use a number line to help with sense of number.
  5. Moving along the number line corresponds to an increase in the value of the numbers - movement is magnitude.

Common misconception

Children may confuse the symbols < and >

Use lots of practical examples with cubes or objects inside the symbols so children can see the larger end contains the greater amount.

Keywords

  • Number line - a line with numbers placed in their correct position.

  • More than / greater than - has a greater amount / more items.

  • Fewer than / less than - has a lesser amount / fewer items.

  • Equal to / the same - exactly the same amount or value.

Ask children to make two towers of cubes and use rulers lined up with the top and bottom of each tower to create the < > and = symbols. You could make movable < > and = symbols from strips of card attached to a piece of card with paper fasteners.
Teacher tip

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Which set has fewer cubes?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: Set A
Set B
They have the same amount of cubes.
Q2.
Which set has more cubes?
An image in a quiz
Set A
Set B
Correct answer: They both have the same amount of cubes.
Q3.
Does this say 4 is less than 7 or 4 is greater than 7?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: 4 is less than 7
4 is greater than 7
4 is equal to 7
Q4.
Does this say 5 is greater than 3 or 3 is greater than 5?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: 5 is greater than 3
3 is greater than 5
Q5.
Sofia thinks there is more than one possible answer to this inequality. Is Sofia correct?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: Yes
No
Q6.
Which numbers could go in the gap?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: 0
Correct answer: 1
Correct answer: 2
Correct answer: 3
Correct answer: 4

6 Questions

Q1.
What does compare mean?
Correct answer: matching items to see which is more or less or the same.
adding one more on.
taking one away.
Q2.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: 7 < 8
7 > 8
7 = 8
Q3.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
An image in a quiz
7 < 6
Correct answer: 7 > 6
7 = 6
Q4.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
An image in a quiz
7 < 7
7 > 7
Correct answer: 7 = 7
Q5.
Which number is greater? 7 or 9?
An image in a quiz
7 > 9
Correct answer: 9 > 7
7 = 9
Q6.
Which numbers are less than 5?
An image in a quiz
Correct answer: 0
Correct answer: 1
Correct answer: 2
Correct answer: 3
Correct answer: 4

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