New
New
Year 1

Use equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers

I can use the equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers.

New
New
Year 1

Use equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers

I can use the equality and inequality symbols to compare the relative size of two numbers.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

1. Use the symbols < > and = to compare pictorial representations.
2. Use the symbols < > and = to compare numerical expressions.
3. Compare 2 sets where the objects are not arranged linearly.
4. Use a number line to help with sense of number.
5. Moving along the number line corresponds to an increase in the value of the numbers - movement is magnitude.

Common misconception

Children may confuse the symbols < and >

Use lots of practical examples with cubes or objects inside the symbols so children can see the larger end contains the greater amount.

Keywords

• Number line - a line with numbers placed in their correct position.

• More than / greater than - has a greater amount / more items.

• Fewer than / less than - has a lesser amount / fewer items.

• Equal to / the same - exactly the same amount or value.

Ask children to make two towers of cubes and use rulers lined up with the top and bottom of each tower to create the < > and = symbols. You could make movable < > and = symbols from strips of card attached to a piece of card with paper fasteners.
Teacher tip

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Starter quiz

6 Questions

Q1.
Which set has fewer cubes?
Set B
They have the same amount of cubes.
Q2.
Which set has more cubes?
Set A
Set B
Correct answer: They both have the same amount of cubes.
Q3.
Does this say 4 is less than 7 or 4 is greater than 7?
Correct answer: 4 is less than 7
4 is greater than 7
4 is equal to 7
Q4.
Does this say 5 is greater than 3 or 3 is greater than 5?
Correct answer: 5 is greater than 3
3 is greater than 5
Q5.
Sofia thinks there is more than one possible answer to this inequality. Is Sofia correct?
No
Q6.
Which numbers could go in the gap?

Exit quiz

6 Questions

Q1.
What does compare mean?
Correct answer: matching items to see which is more or less or the same.
taking one away.
Q2.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
7 > 8
7 = 8
Q3.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
7 < 6
7 = 6
Q4.
What could you say about these two sets of counters?
7 < 7
7 > 7
Q5.
Which number is greater? 7 or 9?
7 > 9