KS1 & KS2 Maths

Unit sequence

Units that make up our curricula are fully sequenced, and aligned to the national curriculum.

Highlight a thread

Threads are groups of units across the curriculum that build a common body of knowledge

Year group

Year 1

1

Counting, recognising and comparing numbers 0 - 10

2

Counting to and from 20

3

Counting in tens - decade numbers

4

Pattern in counting from 20 to 100

5

Comparing quantities - part whole relationships

6

Composition of numbers 0 to 5

7

Recognise, compose, decompose and manipulate 2D and 3D shapes

8

Composition of numbers 6 to 10

9

Additive structures: addition

10

Additive structures: addition and subtraction

11

Addition and subtraction facts within 10

12

Composition of numbers 11 to 19

13

Numbers 0 to 20 in different contexts

14

Unitising and coin recognition - counting in 2s, 5s and 10s

15

Unitising and coin recognition - value of a set of coins

16

Solving problems in a range of contexts

17

Position and direction including fractions of turns

18

Time - sequencing events and telling the time to the hour and half hour

Year 2

1

Composition of multiples of 10

2

Counting and representing the numbers 20 to 99

3

Comparing, ordering and partitioning 2-digit numbers

4

Secure fluency of addition and subtraction facts within 10

5

Calculating within 20

6

Adding and subtracting ones and tens to and from 2-digit numbers

7

Grouping objects in different ways and relating to multiplication

8

Representing counting in 2s and 10s as the 2 and 10 times tables

9

Representing counting in 5s as the 5 times table and link to the 10 times tables

10

Multiplying by 2, doubling and halving (factors and products)

11

Introduction to division structures

12

Shape: discuss and compare 2D and 3D shapes

13

Addition and subtraction of two 2-digit numbers

14

Money: recognise coins and use £ and p symbols

15

Fractions: identify equal parts and be familiar with halves, thirds and quarters

16

Time: write and tell the time to five minutes

17

Position and direction

18

Doubling, halving, quotative and partitive division

19

Sense of measure - capacity, volume and mass

Year 3

1

Review strategies for adding and subtracting across 10

2

Securing place value to 100 and applying to addition and subtraction

3

Bridging 100: counting on and back in 10s, adding/subtracting multiples of 10

4

Measuring length and recording in tables

5

Representing 3-digit numbers, comparing and positioning on number lines

6

Measures: mass and capacity

7

Right angles

8

Informal and mental strategies for adding and subtracting two 3-digit numbers

9

Understand additive relationships and apply them to rearrange equations

10

Column addition

11

2, 4 and 8 times tables: using times tables to solve problems

12

Column subtraction

13

Unit fractions as part of a whole

14

Identify parts and wholes in different contexts

15

Compare and order unit fractions

16

Calculate the value of a part (fractions as operators)

17

Non-unit fractions

18

Composition of non-unit fractions: addition and subtraction

19

Parallel and perpendicular sides in polygons (and perimeter)

20

Tell the time to the nearest minute and compare units of time

Year 4

1

Review of column addition and subtraction

2

Secure place value to 1000: apply to addition and subtraction: multiples of 100

3

Calculation and conversion of measures

4

Comparing, ordering and rounding 4-digit numbers

5

Column addition and subtraction with 4-digit numbers

6

Perimeter

7

Represent counting in threes and sixes as the 3 and 6 times tables

8

Relationship between the 3 and 6 times tables and tests of divisibility

9

Represent counting in nines as the 9 times table

10

Relationship between the 3 and 9 times tables

11

7 times table: odd and even patterns, square numbers and tests of divisibility

12

Understand and represent multiplicative structures

13

Apply the distributive law to multiplication

14

Understand what happens when a number is multiplied or divided by 10 and 100

15

Coordinates

16

Review of fractions

17

Composition of fractions greater than one

18

Compare and order mixed numbers and position on a number line

19

Addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers (within a whole)

20

Convert improper fractions to mixed numbers and vice versa

21

Efficient strategies for adding and subtracting mixed numbers (crossing a whole)

22

Symmetry in 2D shapes

23

Time: Convert between 12 and 24 hour clocks: analogue and digital

24

Division with remainders

Year 5

1

Understand tenths as part of a whole, represent and calculate mentally

2

Compose and calculate with decimals including column addition and subtraction

3

Understand hundredths as parts of a whole and represent

4

Use knowledge of decimals to solve problems in different contexts: length

5

Money: apply efficient strategies when calculating with money

6

Negative numbers

7

Multiplication by partitioning leading to short multiplication (2 by 1-digit)

8

Multiplication by partitioning leading to short multiplication (3 by 1-digit)

9

Division by partitioning leading to short division (2 and 3-digits by 1-digit)

10

Understand the concept of area

11

Link area of rectangles to multiplication

12

Compare and describe measurements using knowledge of multiplication and division

13

Calculating with decimal fractions

14

Understand the concept of volume

15

Multiply 3 or more numbers (commutative and associative laws)

16

Understand and use the concept of factorisation (square and prime numbers)

17

Use common factors and multiples to solve calculations efficiently

18

Multiply a proper fraction by a whole number

19

Multiply improper fractions and mixed numbers by a whole number

20

Find unit and non-unit fractions of whole numbers exploring parts and wholes

21

Comparing fractions using equivalence and decimals

22

Converting units

23

Angles: compare, name, estimate and measure angles

Year 6

1

Use knowledge of part-part-whole structure to solve additive problems

2

Use equivalence and compensation to simplify and solve addition calculations

3

Use equivalence and compensation to simplify and solve subtraction problems

4

Multiples of 1,000

5

Understand place value within numbers with up to 7 digits

6

Order, compare and calculate with numbers up to 8 digits

7

Rounding and solving problems with numbers up to 7 digits

8

Draw, compose and decompose shapes

9

Using equivalence to calculate

10

Multiplying and dividing by 2-digit numbers

11

Area, perimeter, position and direction

12

Addition and subtraction of fractions

13

Comparing fractions

14

Multiplication and division of fractions

15

Understanding percentages

16

Statistics

17

Ratio and proportion

18

Calculating using knowledge of equivalence in addition and subtraction

19

Solving problems with two unknowns

20

Order of operations

21

Mean average

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