# Represent equal groups as repeated addition and multiplication

I can represent equal groups as repeated addition and multiplication.

# Represent equal groups as repeated addition and multiplication

I can represent equal groups as repeated addition and multiplication.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

- Repeated addition can be written as a multiplication.
- The x symbol represents times.
- 3 groups of 5 can be represented as 5 + 5 + 5 or as 3 x 5
- 3 represents the number of groups and 5 represents the number in each group.

### Common misconception

Pupils may not understand how to represent the repeated addition expression and a multiplication expression.

Encourage pupils to identify exactly how the equation relates to the image: with the questions ‘What does the 3 represent?’ ‘What does the 2 represent?’ ‘What does the 6 represent?’

### Keywords

Multiplication - The basic idea of multiplication is repeated addition, adding a number to itself multiple times. The result of a multiplication is a product.

Groups / grouping - A set of things with an identity.

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Video

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## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

3 + 3 + 3

3 + 3 + 3 + 3

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3

## Exit quiz

### 6 Questions

2 + 2

2 + 2 + 2

2 + 2 + 2 + 2

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2