New
New
Year 3

# Identify knowns and unknowns in addition equations

I can identify knowns and unknowns in addition equations.

New
New
Year 3

# Identify knowns and unknowns in addition equations

I can identify knowns and unknowns in addition equations.

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## Lesson details

### Key learning points

2. If an addend is missing, subtract the other addend from the sum to calculate the missing value.
3. When the numbers are close together, add on to find the difference.

### Common misconception

Pupils may confuse the parts and the whole in an equation, especially when there is a missing number.

Bar models are helpful for representing and understanding the parts and the whole. Ensure that pupils understand that minuend and sum both represent a whole. Allow lots of opportunities for pupils to sketch bar models.

### Keywords

• Sum - The sum is the the total when numbers are added together.

• Difference - The difference is the result after subtracting one number from another.

Base ten blocks may be helpful for pupils when subtracting. Number lines representations may also be helpful, especially for comparing the relative size of numbers and understanding whether they are close together or far apart.
Teacher tip

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Which number in this equation is the sum? 100 = 20 + 80
80
20
Q2.
Which of these are parts in an equation?
sum
minuend
Q3.
What is the missing sum in this bar model?
Correct Answer: 180, one hundred and eighty
Q4.
What is the value of the missing part in this bar model?
Correct Answer: 120, one hundred and twenty
Q5.
What could the missing addends in this bar model be?
80 and 40
110 and 40
Q6.
Which equations could be represented by the bar model?
260 + 40 = 300
Correct answer: 260 − 110 = 150
Correct answer: 130 + 130 = 260
260 = 360 − 100

## Exit quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Which number represents the difference in this equation? 25 − 15 = 10
25
15
Q2.
Match the keywords to their meanings.

Correct Answer:difference,The result after subtracting one number from another.

The result after subtracting one number from another.

The total when numbers are added together.

Q3.
What is the missing part in this bar model?
Q4.
What is the value of the missing part in this bar model?
Q5.
Which pairs of numbers have a difference of 3?
22 and 24
28 and 30
Q6.
How could you calculate the missing part in this bar model?
415 + 230 =
Correct answer: 415 − 230 =
Correct answer: 230 + ___ = 415
230 − 415 =