New
New
Year 2

The third join: on, om, ow, oi with no lead in

I can correctly form the third join.

New
New
Year 2

The third join: on, om, ow, oi with no lead in

I can correctly form the third join.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The letters are formed by following the right starting point and direction.
  2. The third join starts at the x-height line and dips below the x-height line and back up to join the next letter.
  3. The letter strings are all x-height letters.
  4. When using the third join you leave enough space to ensure the letters are not touching without leaving a big gap.
  5. You don't lift your pencil until the letter string is complete. The dot for the i is added at the end.

Common misconception

Children will often want to take their pencil off to form the join or add the dot to the i midway through the letter string.

Emphasise the flowing motion of cursive writing. The letters need to be joined together so the pencil needs to stay on the page. Make a point of exaggerating that the dot is added at the end of the letter i.

Keywords

  • Join - how things connect

  • Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

  • Starting point - the point the formation of a letter begins on the tramlines

  • Dips below - dropping under something

  • X-height line - this is the line that x-height letters reach

Teach children to recognise and correct their own mistakes. This not only improves their writing but also builds their confidence.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
True or false. Cursive handwriting is also known as joined up handwriting.
Correct Answer: true, True
Q2.
Select the correct formation of the second join ch.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the second join ck.
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the second join lk.
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct formation of the second join nk.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q6.
The second join goes from the baseline up towards the...
x-height line.
Correct answer: ascender line.
descender line.