New
New
Year 2

The first join: in, ig, ed, eg with lead in

I can correctly form the first join with a lead in and lead out.

New
New
Year 2

The first join: in, ig, ed, eg with lead in

I can correctly form the first join with a lead in and lead out.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. All the letters have a lead in and a lead out.
  2. Cursive handwriting involves joining letters together.
  3. Cursive letter joins refer to how the letters connect together.
  4. The pencil does not lift when forming the join.
  5. The first join goes from the baseline to the x-height line.

Common misconception

Children will often want to take their pencil off to form the join.

Emphasise the flowing motion of cursive writing. The letters need to be joined together so the pencil needs to stay on the page.

Keywords

  • Joining - connecting together

  • Lead in - the stroke or line that guides us into starting a letter

  • Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

  • Baseline - this is the line that most letters sit on

  • X-height line - this is the line that x-height letter reach

Give the children a visual of the letters being joined together by holding hands. If you lift your pencil then you are breaking the connection and they can't hold hands.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter i.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q2.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter n.
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the letter e in print.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the pre-cursive letter g.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct print formation of the letter d.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q6.
Match the definition with the correct handwriting style.
Correct Answer:print,each letter is formed separately

each letter is formed separately

Correct Answer:cursive,letters are joined

letters are joined

Correct Answer:pre-cursive,letters have a lead in and a lead out

letters have a lead in and a lead out

Q1 image 1 Correct pre-cursive i Q1 image 3 incorrect pre-cursive i 1 Q2 image 2 Correct pre-cursive letter n Q4 image 1 incorrect pc g Q4 image 2 incorrect pc g