New
New
Year 8

Religious tensions in the Mughal Empire

I can explain the impact of Aurangzeb's religious policies on support for the Mughal Empire.

New
New
Year 8

Religious tensions in the Mughal Empire

I can explain the impact of Aurangzeb's religious policies on support for the Mughal Empire.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. Mughal emperors, including Aurangzeb, were Muslims.
  2. Mughal emperors traditionally showed tolerance towards non-Muslims.
  3. Aurangzeb reintroduced the jizya and even destroyed Hindu temples.
  4. Hindu and Sikh groups rebelled against the Mughals during Aurangzeb's reign.
  5. A growing number of non-Muslims served as Mughal officials during Aurangzeb's reign.

Common misconception

Aurangzeb was completely intolerant towards and alienated all non-Muslims.

Aurangzeb continued to support non-Muslim places of worship and to promote non-Muslim officials in the empire, leading to increased numbers of Hindus and Sikhs serving the Mughal Empire by the end of his reign.

Keywords

  • Tolerance - tolerance involves allowing people to do or believe what they want although your beliefs are different or you do not agree with them

  • Gurdwara - a gurdwara is a Sikh place of worship

  • Jizya - the jizya was a tax which non-Muslims had to pay in Muslim-ruled countries

  • Discrimination - discrimination involves treating a person or particular group of people in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of characteristics like their race or religion

  • Guru - a guru is a religious leader in the Sikh religion

Content guidance

  • Contains depictions of discriminatory behaviour.
  • Contains conflict or violence.

Supervision

Adult supervision suggested.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

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6 Questions

Q1.
The East India Company was primarily concerned with the trade in __________.
precious metals
Correct answer: spices
enslaved people
gunpowder
Q2.
The East India Company encountered trading rivalry with European powers such as the Dutch and the .
Correct Answer: Portugese, portugese
Q3.
The East India Company's factories were mainly positioned __________.
Correct answer: on the Indian coastline
deep within the Indian subcontinent
far up the rivers of the Indian subcontinent
Q4.
The Mughal emperor Jahangir agreed to the East India Company setting up a factory in .
Correct Answer: Surat, surat
Q5.
The East India used military force to attempt to take control of the area of __________.
Surat
Calcutta
Bombay
Correct answer: Bengal
Q6.
How successful was Child's War for the East India Company?
Highly successful
Somewhat successful
Correct answer: A complete failure

6 Questions

Q1.
Aurangzeb was a devout __________.
Hindu
Correct answer: Muslim
Sikh
Christian
Q2.
During Aurangzeb's reign, fifteen temples were destroyed.
Correct Answer: Hindu, hindu
Q3.
Aurangzeb faced considerable resistance from __________.
Correct answer: Sikhs
Buddhists
Correct answer: Hindus
Muslims
Q4.
In which part of India did the Hindu Jat rebellions take place?
The east
The west
Correct answer: The north
The south
Q5.
By the end of Aurangzeb's reign, % of generals and officials were non-Muslims.
Correct Answer: 25, twenty five
Q6.
Aurangzeb supported the construction of both temples and .
Correct Answer: gurdwaras, Gurdwaras, gurdwara

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