New
New
Year 2

Using and spelling suffixes: -est

I can spell words using the suffix -est.

New
New
Year 2

Using and spelling suffixes: -est

I can spell words using the suffix -est.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. A suffix is a letter or group of letters at the end of a word which creates another word.
  2. If the adjective ends in two consonant letters, the ending is simply added on.
  3. If the root word ends in a consonant + 'y', the 'y' is changed to 'i' before the suffix is added.
  4. If the root word ends in a consonant + 'e', the 'e' is removed before the suffix is added.

Common misconception

Pupils can think the -est suffix is spelt 'ist' or 'st' because that is what you can hear.

Review pupils' misconceptions after practice tasks. Even though the word can sound different, -est is always spelt in the same way.

Keywords

  • Adjective - describes a noun

  • Suffix - a letter or group of letters added to the end of a root word

  • Root word - the base word from which other words are formed often by adding prefixes or suffixes

  • Syllable - a single sound or beat in a word that contains a vowel sound

  • Consonant - a sound that is made by blocking air in the mouth with the teeth, tongue, lips or palate

Use the feedback pages after tasks to go through the misconceptions from your pupils' responses. Talk through how you know which response is correct, with reference to the rules and also sounding out words.
Teacher tip

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Select the suffixes.
Correct answer: -ing
Correct answer: -er
pre-
Correct answer: -ed
un-
Q2.
Select all the words containing the suffix -er.
Correct answer: quieter
slowly
Correct answer: greener
happiest
played
Q3.
Match the words to the rule they apply when the suffix -er is added.
Correct Answer:quiet - quieter,Just add -er.

Just add -er.

Correct Answer:wide - wider,Remove the ‘e’ and add -er.

Remove the ‘e’ and add -er.

Correct Answer:hot - hotter,Double the consonant and add -er.

Double the consonant and add -er.

Correct Answer:funny - funnier,Remove the ‘y’ and add -ier.

Remove the ‘y’ and add -ier.

Q4.
What word class is the word in bold in the following sentence: Today was hotter than yesterday.
noun
Correct answer: adjective
verb
Q5.
Choose the correct spelling of the word in bold in the following sentence: I felt bravr when my friend arrived.
braveer
Correct answer: braver
brayver
bravr
Q6.
Choose the correct spelling of the word in bold in the following sentence: This slice of cake is thinr than that one.
thiner
thinr
Correct answer: thinner
thinnur

6 Questions

Q1.
Select all the words containing the suffix -est.
Correct answer: fastest
slower
list
Correct answer: quietest
boxes
Q2.
What happens when the suffix -est is added to a root word ending in 'y', such as 'happy' or 'easy'?
Just add -est.
Correct answer: Remove the ‘y’ and add -iest.
Remove the ‘e’ and add -est.
Double the consonant and add -est.
Q3.
What happens when the suffix -er is added to a root word ending in 'e', such as 'wise' or 'fine'?
Just add -est.
Remove the ‘y’ and add -iest.
Correct answer: Remove the ‘e’ and add -est.
Double the consonant and add -est.
Q4.
Correct the spelling of the word in bold in the following sentence: She was the hapyest after her friend arrived.
hapyest
happyest
Correct answer: happiest
hapiest
Q5.
Correct the spelling of the word in bold in the following sentence: It was the longist pencil she had ever seen.
Correct Answer: longest
Q6.
Correct the spelling of the word in bold in the following sentence: He chose the thinist slice of cake.
Correct Answer: thinnest