New
New
Year 2

Applying the 'j' spellings, including 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'

I can apply spelling patterns for the representations of the ‘j’ phoneme: 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'.

New
New
Year 2

Applying the 'j' spellings, including 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'

I can apply spelling patterns for the representations of the ‘j’ phoneme: 'g', 'ge' and 'dge'.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The spelling 'dge' is usually used after short vowels.
  2. The spelling 'ge' is usually used after consonants and other vowel sounds.
  3. The spelling 'g' is often used before 'i', 'e' and 'y'.
  4. The spelling 'j' is usually used before 'a', 'o' and 'u'.
  5. How to spell the common exception word: laugh.

Common misconception

Pupils may be unsure about what constitutes a long or short vowel sound.

Be very explicit about what is the short vowel sound, like 'e' in 'ledge' and what is a long vowel sound, such as 'ar' in 'large'.

Keywords

  • Digraph - two letters that represent one sound

  • Trigraph - three letters that represent one sound

  • Consonant - a sound that is made by blocking air in the mouth with the teeth, tongue, lips or palate

  • Short vowel - a vowel sound that sounds short when spoken like "a" in "cat" or the "o" sound in "hot"

Use images to support with hold a sentence. Give a good portion of time to this part of the lesson as it is key for children to apply the spellings and rules they are learning.
Teacher tip

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

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6 Questions

Q1.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: I am taking an umbrella __________ it is raining.
becos
bcoz
becaus
Correct answer: because
Q2.
Match each word to the number of phonemes it contains.
Correct Answer:hedge,3

3

Correct Answer:energy,5

5

Correct Answer:cage,3

3

Q3.
Where is the 'j' sound found in the word 'village'?
at the beginning
in the middle
Correct answer: at the end
Q4.
Where is the 'j' sound found in the word 'just'?
Correct answer: at the beginning
in the middle
at the end
Q5.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: She turned the __________ to continue reading the story.
Correct answer: page
padge
paij
pag
Q6.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: The ink left a __________ mark.
smuge
smuj
smudg
Correct answer: smudge

6 Questions

Q1.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: That joke really made me __________.
larf
laff
laf
Correct answer: laugh
Q2.
Which two words contain the 'dge' spelling of the 'j' sound?
Correct answer: fudge
strange
cage
Correct answer: badge
magic
Q3.
Which words contain the 'g' spelling of the 'j' sound?
Correct answer: giraffe
Correct answer: gentle
change
package
lodge
Q4.
Say each word and match it to the correct vowel sound.
Correct Answer:ledge,short vowel sound

short vowel sound

Correct Answer:cage,other vowel sound

other vowel sound

Correct Answer:village,other vowel sound

other vowel sound

Correct Answer:budge,short vowel sound

short vowel sound

Q5.
Choose the correct spelling to complete this sentence: The kitten had a __________ touch as it played with the yarn.
gentl
jentle
Correct answer: gentle
gental
Q6.
Correct the spelling in bold in the following sentence: She wore her baj with honour.
Correct Answer: badge